Специализированные учреждения ООН english.
Специализированные учреждения ООН english
The Republic of Uzbekistan, nowadays is one of the largest states of Central Asia by announcing in second half of 1991 about the state independence, began complex(difficult) transition to a finding of state and genuine independence and has achieved enormous successes.
In the Constitution of independent Uzbekistan is fixed, that the republic being the full and independent subject of the international attitudes(relations) has the right to participate in international organizations. It is a necessary basis of legal maintenance of genuine independence of republic and integration her(it) in world(global) community.
In articles 3.4 of the Law РУ " About main principles внешнеполитической of activity РУ " also is fixed, that " the Republic of Uzbekistan builds with all states the equal in rights and mutually advantageous attitudes(relations) excluding any opportunity of interference in internal businesses, infringement of independence and sovereignty and идеологизации of the interstate attitudes(relations).
Major problem in внешнеполитической of activity of the appropriate structures of a Republic of Uzbekistan is the active sharing(participation) in work of the United Nations Organization, Organization on safety and cooperation in Europe and other international organizations, integration in European, asian and world(global) structures of safety ".
The republic has received for years of independence a recognition of world(global) community, has become the member of authoritative international organizations, independently establishes the diplomatic attitudes(relations) and carries out independent internal and external policy(politics).
As marked И.А. Каримов in the work: " When we speak about integration in world(global) community, first of all we mean our sharing(participation) in activity ООН. "
2-March, 1998 six years were executed from the date of acceptance of Uzbekistan in the members ООН - most significant international organization of our time.
In continuation of the work И.А. Каримов writes: " THE sharing(participation) in work of such authoritative international organization we consider as an opportunity to involve(attract) attention of a world(global) public in sharp problems of a safety, world and consent in центрально-asian region. "
For realization of international cooperation in economic, social and humanitarian areas the Charter ООН provides creation of the wide and ramified mechanism including alongside with bodies ООН a lot of international organizations on special questions, which number includes also specialized establishments ООН.
By becoming the member of the United Nations Organization the republic was accepted in the specialized establishments ООН, such as МОТ, CART, UNESCO, МФВ, МАР, МБРР, МФК etc.
The specialized establishments ООН are largest international organizations on economic, social and humanitarian questions created on the basis of the international agreement, and have communication(connection) with ООН, established(installed) by means of the charters and international agreements.
The specialized establishments ООН unite and direct activity of the sovereign states in special areas and their large and irreplaceable role consists in it.
These establishments except rendering the economic and technical help, provide also with information, which so is necessary in all spheres of cooperation between the states.
Activity of the specialized establishments and questions on creation, legal nature, attitudes(relations) of the specialized establishments with ООН, privileges and immunities of these establishments, and also the activity of the specialized establishments ООН in Uzbekistan represents the certain interest, to which illumination, my work is devoted.
Chapter 1. From a history of creation of the specialized establishments.
1. Creation of the specialized establishments ООН.
For the first time question on various specialized economic, social and other organizations and their sharing(participation) in economic and social international cooperation in system ООН was lifted in a 1944 at a conference in Думбартон-Оксе (USA) for want of discussion of character of the future international organization.
Was decided(solved), that with the purposes of creation of the stable environments and well-being necessary for peace and familiarity between nations, the Organization will be " to promote the sanction of international economic, social and other humanitarian problems and to encourage respect of the human rights and fundamental freedoms ".
In this connection it was provided, that the government agencies which are carrying out international cooperation in special areas, will be delivered in communication(connection) with the future organization by means of the appropriate agreements.
At a conference in San Francisco (USA) In a 1945 the question on the specialized organizations was considered in special committee, as a result of which work the rules(situations) including subsequently in the Charter ООН as an item of an item 57-59 and were produced 63, which contained transfer of characteristic features of those international organizations, which could be named as the specialized establishments ООН (ст.57), order of an establishment of their communication(connection) with ООН (ст.63), principle of coordination underlying of mutual relation ООН with these organizations (an item 58), and also initiative role ООН in business of creation of the new specialized establishments (item 59).
Thus, there was a new concept - specialized establishments ООН.
. 2. The specialized establishments of system ООН
Now there are sixteen specialized establishments ООН. Some of these organizations were transformed from existing earlier international administrative unions, other - from the international specialized organizations created or in period or after the second world(global) war on the initiative as ООН, and separate interested states.
According to lines of business the specialized establishments ООН can be подразделены on the following groups: organizations of social character (МОТ, CART), organization of cultural and humanitarian character (UNESCO, ВОИС), economic organizations (ЮНИДО), financial organizations (МБРР, МВФ, МАР, МФК), organization in the field of an agriculture (ФАО, ИФАД), organization in the field of the transport and communication(connection) (ИКАО, them(him,it), ВПС, МСЭ), organization in the field of meteorology (ВМО).
The international union of electric communication (МСЭ) (Uzbekistan has entered in 10.07.92) was created in a 1865 for maintenance and expansion of international cooperation in the field of electric communication with the p