Gymnasium 2

                   The roots of some Tolkiens characters.
                Tolkiens view on some events from the Bible
                            and archaic history.

                                                          Name: Yanov Andrey
                                                     Teacher: Mordasova L.M.

                                Voronezh 2004
I. Introduction 3

II. Body
      1. J.R.R.Tolkien: A biographical sketch
           a) Tolkiens birth 4

           b) Tolkiens childhood in South Africa 4

           c) Tolkien's childhood in England 4

           d) Tolkien's childhood fears 4

           e) Tolkien's education at home 5

           f) Tolkien's childhood books 5

           g) Tolkien in elementary school 6

           h) Tolkien learns some philology 6

           i) Tolkien's mother dies 6

           j) Tolkien in high school 7

           k) Tolkien in Oxford 7

           l) Tolkien after World War II 9

           m) Tolkien now 10

      2. The roots of some Tolkien characters 11

      3. Tolkiens view on some events from
      The Bible and archaic history     15

III. Conclusion 19

IV. List of used literature 20

V. Appendix 21


      I have many hobbies and one of them is reading. I like to read.  Books
liberalize us, and it  is  just  very  interesting.  My  favorite  kinds  of
literature are fantasy, science fiction, myths  and  historical  books.  But
when I saw the film The Lord Of The Rings for the first time, I  liked  it
very much. I realized that there was something unusual in it that  attracted
me. One day someone told me, that this film  is  a  screen  version  of  the
book, written by Tolkien. Then I decided to read the book. And when  I  read
its last page, I realized, that the world, that was described there is  very
close to me. That is how my keening of Tolkiens works  started.  Ive  read
the whole The Lord Of The Rings, The Silmarillion, The Hobbit Or  There
And Back Again, some  Tolkiens  poems,  such  as  Namarie  (which  means
farewell in the Quenya Lambe (The Elvish Language)), Oh,  queen  beyond
the western sees and other works. Besides  Ive  read  The  Biography  Of
J.R.R.Tolkien, written by H. Carpenter and  many works of different  famous
critics devoted to Tolkien. While reading such literature, I understand  and
realize very interesting ideas of Tolkien, his philosophy, and  it  is  very
interesting to know, what things influenced the creation of  his  characters
and his own world that he developed in The Silmarillion. And  in  my  work
Im trying to show you just some of those things.
                    J.R.R.Tolkien: A biographical sketch

Tolkien's birth
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien was born to Mabel Suffield and Arthur  Tolkien  in
South Africa on January 3, 1892.
On February 17,1894, Mabel  gave  birth  to  Hilary  Arthur  Reuel  Tolkien,
J.R.R's only brother.
When Ronald (J.R.R)'s health worsened in  1895,  the  Tolkiens  (except  for
Arthur, who had to stay in order to wrap up business) left to Southampton.
On February 15, 1896, Arthur Tolkien, in South Africa, died due to a  severe

Tolkien's childhood in South Africa
". . . many months later, when Ronald was beginning to walk, he stumbled  on
a tarantula. It bit him, and he ran in terror across the  garden  until  the
nurse snatched him up and sucked out the poison . . . Nevertheless,  in  his
stories he writes more than once of monstrous spiders with  venomous  bites"
(Carpenter 14)
"During the first year of the boy's life Arthur Tolkien made a  small  grove
of cypresses, firs and cedars. Perhaps this had something  to  do  with  the
deep love of trees that wood that would develop in Ronald" (Carpenter 14)

Tolkien's childhood in England
Since his father (the sole source of money) was dead, J.R.R. and his  family
went to live with the Suffields (his maternal grandparents).
In the summer of 1896, the Tolkiens moved out of Birmingham  to  the  hamlet
of Sarehole (located in the English countryside).

Tolkien's childhood fears
"An old farmer who once chased Ronald for picking mushrooms  was  given  the
nickname 'The Black Ogre' by the boys . . . they began to pick up  something
of the local vocabulary, adopting  dialect  words  into  their  own  speech:
'chawl' for a cheek of pork, 'miskin' for dustbin, 'pickelet'  for  crumpet,
and 'gamgee' for cotton wool. (Carpenter 21)

Tolkien's education at home
"Mabel soon began to educate her sons, and they could  have  had  no  better
teacher - nor she an apter pupil than Ronald, who could read by the time  he
was four and had soon learnt to write proficiently." (Carpenter 21).
". . . his favorite lessons were those that concerned  languages.  Early  in
his Sarehole days, his mother introduced him to the rudiments of Latin,  and
this delighted him. He was just as interested in the sounds of the words  as
their meanings, and she began to realize that he had a special aptitude  for
language. (Carpenter 22).
"His mother taught him a great deal of botany, and he responded to this  and
soon became very knowledgeable. But again he  was  more  interested  in  the
shape and  feel  of  a  plant  than  in  its  botanical  details.  This  was
especially true of trees. And though he liked drawing trees  he  liked  most
of all to be with trees. He would climb them, lean against them,  even  talk
to them." (Carpenter 22)

Tolkien's childhood books
"He was amused by Alice in Wonderland, though  he  had  no  desire  to  have
adventures like Alice. He did not enjoy Treasure Island, nor the stories  of
Hans Anderson, nor The Pied Piper. But  he  liked  Red  Indian  stories  and
longed to shoot with a bow and arrow.  He  was  even  more  pleased  by  the
'Curdie' books of George Macdonald, which  were  set  in  a  remote  kingdom
where misshapen and malevolent goblins lurked  beneath  the  mountains.  The
Arthurian legends also excited him. But most of all he found delight in  the
Fairy Books of Andrew Lang, especially the Red Fairy Book, for  tucked  away
in its closing pages was the best story he had ever read. This was the  tale
of Sigurd who slew the dragon Fafnir: a strange and  powerful  tale  set  in
the nameless North." (Carpenter 22)

Tolkien's first experience with grammer
"'I desired dragons with a profound desire,', he said long afterwards.  .  .
. When he was about seven he began to compose his own story about a  dragon.
'I remember nothing about it except a philological fact,' he  recalled.  'My
mother said nothing about the dragon, but pointed out  that  one  could  not
say 'a green