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The magnificent seven1970

The magnificent seven1970.
The magnificent seven
THE MAGNIFICENT SEVEN ВОПРОСЫ К ТЕКСТУ1.        What can you tell us about the worlds first ballistic missile, V2?2.        What Sergey Korolyov a pioneer in the Soviet rockets creation? Your option on the point.3.        Why was the group studying multistage rockets organized in1947?4.        What are the stages in creation of Sputnik?5.        Which are the stages of developing the rocketry program the United State?6.        When did the Soviet racketeers celebrate their success?7.        Is it true that the USSR was the first state to launch an artificial satellite Sputnik?        1.        Первая в мире баллистическая ракета Фау-2 была создана в 1944 году как «ракета возмездия».Но она не оказала никакого воздействия на ход второй мировой войны. Тем не менее, она (Фау-2), дала толчок для размышления американским и советским ракетчикам.2.        В 1945 году был произведен пробный запуск нескольких Фау-2, организованный генералом Эйзенхауэром.Будущий главный конструктор советских ракет Сергей Королев присутствовал на тех запусках.В сентябре 1947 года был произведен первый пуск советского аналога Р-1 с полигона в Капустином Яру.К началу 50-х годов у советских ракетчиков было достаточно опыта, чтобы создать одноступенчатые (типа Р-1) ракеты.3.        В 1953 году начался проект по созданию ракеты Р-7. То была 2-х ступенчатая межконтинентальная баллистическая ракета.4.        В 1955 году был готов проект космического корабля, и началось создание спутника.5.        В 1946 году на полигоне Уайт Сэндз был произведен первый запуск ракеты А-4.В 1948 году Америка объявила о намерениях вывести спутник-снаряд в военных целях. 31 января 1958 года был запущен американский спутник Explorer 1.6.        15 мая 1955 года первая «семерка» стартовала с космодрома Байконур.Первые три запуска провалились.21 августа четвертый запуск был произведен. Он был успешным.7.        4 октября 1957 года миру сообщили новость: СССР был первым государством, который запустил искусственный космический корабль, спутник.1.        The worlds first ballistic missile, V-2 was developed as “Vengeance Weapon No 2 “.But it did not make any deflection in the course of World War II. However it gave an impetus to brainwork for American and Soviet racketeers.2.        In 1945 (nineteen forty five) was a trial launch of several V-2s organized by General Eisenhower.The future General Designer of the Soviet Rockets, Sergey Korolyov, attended those launches.On September 1947 (nineteen forty seven) the first analogue R-1 was launched in Kapustin Yar.By the early fifties Soviet racketeers had enough experience to create one-stage ballistic missiles.3.        In 1953 (nineteen fifty three) the project on creation of R-7 started. That was a two-stage intercontinental ballistic missile.4.        In 1955 (nineteen fifty five) the project of a spacecraft was ready. And the creation of Sputnik began.5.        In 1946 at the White Sands Range the first launch of A-4 rocket was made.In 1948 the U.S. announced the intentions to orbit a shell-satellite for military purpose.6.        On May 15, 1955 (nineteen fifty five) the first “seven” started from the rocket range Baikonur.The first three launches failed.On August 21 the forth launch was made.7.        On October 4, 1957 (nineteen fifty seven) the world was told the news: the USSR THE MAGNIFICENT SEVEN was the first state that launched an artificial satellite, Sputnik.THE MAGNIFICENT SEVEN1.        In September 1944 London was bombarded by the world's first ballistic missile, V2, "Vengeance Weapon No. 2". It did not make the slightest deflection in the course of the World War II, however gave an impetus to brainwork of American and Soviet rocketeers.In the course of Hermes operation in 1945 American agents secretly took a group of German rocketeers away from the Soviets' occupation zone. The group was headed by Walter Dornberger, the leader of the Nazi missile project, and Werner von Braun, General Designer of A-4 missile (first name V-2). In addition, parts necessary for assembly of one hundred of missiles were taken across the Atlantic.2.        Sergei Korolyov, who was sent to Germany with the same mission, also managed to select some German specialists, documents and materials. One of such engineers was Helmut Grettrup, Braun's assistant in electronics. The last event on the "rocketry scene" in '45 was a trial launch of several V-2s, organized by General Eisenhower. Those launches were attended by the future General Designer of the Soviet rockets, Sergei Korolyov. A little after the ex-Allies cast the veil of secrecy and began to actively analyze their trophies. Mr. Braun and his companions tested A-4 missile in White) Sands, New Mexico. Korolyov did the same on Kapustin Yar rocket range in Russia. Helmut Grettrup and 150 more engineers designed G-1 rocket, based on A-4 prototype.Mr. Korolyov and his teammates clearly saw weak spots of A-4, however Stalin's order sounded unambiguously: the rocket had to be duplicated without any modifications. On September 1947 the first Soviet analogue, R-1, was launched in Kapustin Yar. Simultaneously, a new, improved missile was being designed, R-2. It was commissioned in 1951. Laterthe experimental rocket R-3Aand its following modification, R-5 were created. I_By the early '50s Soviet rocketeers had enough experience creating one-stage ballistic missiles. A group of German scientists headed by Mr. Grettrup also presented their project in 1947. Although the project offered quite advanced solutions, it was not approved and the Germans were soon THE MAGNIFICENT SEVEN
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