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Gymnasium 2



The roots of some Tolkiens characters.
Tolkiens view on some events from the Bible
and archaic history.



Name: Yanov Andrey
Teacher: Mordasova L.M.



Voronezh 2004
CONTENTS
I. Introduction 3

II. Body
1. J.R.R.Tolkien: A biographical sketch
a) Tolkiens birth 4

b) Tolkiens childhood in South Africa 4

c) Tolkien's childhood in England 4

d) Tolkien's childhood fears 4

e) Tolkien's education at home 5

f) Tolkien's childhood books 5

g) Tolkien in elementary school 6

h) Tolkien learns some philology 6

i) Tolkien's mother dies 6

j) Tolkien in high school 7

k) Tolkien in Oxford 7

l) Tolkien after World War II 9

m) Tolkien now 10


2. The roots of some Tolkien characters 11

3. Tolkiens view on some events from
The Bible and archaic history 15


III. Conclusion 19

IV. List of used literature 20

V. Appendix 21



Introduction

I have many hobbies and one of them is reading. I like to read. Books
liberalize us, and it is just very interesting. My favorite kinds of
literature are fantasy, science fiction, myths and historical books. But
when I saw the film The Lord Of The Rings for the first time, I liked it
very much. I realized that there was something unusual in it that attracted
me. One day someone told me, that this film is a screen version of the
book, written by Tolkien. Then I decided to read the book. And when I read
its last page, I realized, that the world, that was described there is very
close to me. That is how my keening of Tolkiens works started. Ive read
the whole The Lord Of The Rings, The Silmarillion, The Hobbit Or There
And Back Again, some Tolkiens poems, such as Namarie (which means
farewell in the Quenya Lambe (The Elvish Language)), Oh, queen beyond
the western sees and other works. Besides Ive read The Biography Of
J.R.R.Tolkien, written by H. Carpenter and many works of different famous
critics devoted to Tolkien. While reading such literature, I understand and
realize very interesting ideas of Tolkien, his philosophy, and it is very
interesting to know, what things influenced the creation of his characters
and his own world that he developed in The Silmarillion. And in my work
Im trying to show you just some of those things.
J.R.R.Tolkien: A biographical sketch

Tolkien's birth
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien was born to Mabel Suffield and Arthur Tolkien in
South Africa on January 3, 1892.
On February 17,1894, Mabel gave birth to Hilary Arthur Reuel Tolkien,
J.R.R's only brother.
When Ronald (J.R.R)'s health worsened in 1895, the Tolkiens (except for
Arthur, who had to stay in order to wrap up business) left to Southampton.
On February 15, 1896, Arthur Tolkien, in South Africa, died due to a severe
hemorrhage.

Tolkien's childhood in South Africa
". . . many months later, when Ronald was beginning to walk, he stumbled on
a tarantula. It bit him, and he ran in terror across the garden until the
nurse snatched him up and sucked out the poison . . . Nevertheless, in his
stories he writes more than once of monstrous spiders with venomous bites"
(Carpenter 14)
"During the first year of the boy's life Arthur Tolkien made a small grove
of cypresses, firs and cedars. Perhaps this had something to do with the
deep love of trees that wood that would develop in Ronald" (Carpenter 14)

Tolkien's childhood in England
Since his father (the sole source of money) was dead, J.R.R. and his family
went to live with the Suffields (his maternal grandparents).
In the summer of 1896, the Tolkiens moved out of Birmingham to the hamlet
of Sarehole (located in the English countryside).

Tolkien's childhood fears
"An old farmer who once chased Ronald for picking mushrooms was given the
nickname 'The Black Ogre' by the boys . . . they began to pick up something
of the local vocabulary, adopting dialect words into their own speech:
'chawl' for a cheek of pork, 'miskin' for dustbin, 'pickelet' for crumpet,
and 'gamgee' for cotton wool. (Carpenter 21)

Tolkien's education at home
"Mabel soon began to educate her sons, and they could have had no better
teacher - nor she an apter pupil than Ronald, who could read by the time he
was four and had soon learnt to write proficiently." (Carpenter 21).
". . . his favorite lessons were those that concerned languages. Early in
his Sarehole days, his mother introduced him to the rudiments of Latin, and
this delighted him. He was just as interested in the sounds of the words as
their meanings, and she began to realize that he had a special aptitude for
language. (Carpenter 22).
"His mother taught him a great deal of botany, and he responded to this and
soon became very knowledgeable. But again he was more interested in the
shape and feel of a plant than in its botanical details. This was
especially true of trees. And though he liked drawing trees he liked most
of all to be with trees. He would climb them, lean against them, even talk
to them." (Carpenter 22)

Tolkien's childhood books
"He was amused by Alice in Wonderland, though he had no desire to have
adventures like Alice. He did not enjoy Treasure Island, nor the stories of
Hans Anderson, nor The Pied Piper. But he liked Red Indian stories and
longed to shoot with a bow and arrow. He was even more pleased by the
'Curdie' books of George Macdonald, which were set in a remote kingdom
where misshapen and malevolent goblins lurked beneath the mountains. The
Arthurian legends also excited him. But most of all he found delight in the
Fairy Books of Andrew Lang, especially the Red Fairy Book, for tucked away
in its closing pages was the best story he had ever read. This was the tale
of Sigurd who slew the dragon Fafnir: a strange and powerful tale set in
the nameless North." (Carpenter 22)

Tolkien's first experience with grammer
"'I desired dragons with a profound desire,', he said long afterwards. . .
. When he was about seven he began to compose his own story about a dragon.
'I remember nothing about it except a philological fact,' he recalled. 'My
mother said nothing about the dragon, but pointed out that one could not
say 'a green
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